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Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

 

Artificial intelligence (AI) is being used for various healthcare and research purposes, such as detecting disease, detecting links between genetic codes, administration of chronic situations, delivery of health services, maximizing hospital efficiency, drug discovery etc.

Use of AI in healthcare:

For Accurate diagnosis of disease

AI can surpass human doctors and help them diagnose, predict, and detect diseases more accurately and quickly. In recent years,  

Artificial intelligence (AI) has extended to new heights in clinical cancer research. AI is applied to assist cancer diagnosis and prognosis due to its highest accuracy level, which is much better than that of a general statistical expert. AI has vast ability to contribute prominently at every stage of cancer management vary from early detection, fixing infiltrative tumor margins at the time of surgical treatment, stratification, reaction to drugs/therapy, tracing tumor evolution, resistance to treatments over time, prediction of tumor aggressiveness, metastasis pattern, recurrence etc.

Clinical Decisions Support (CDS)

Through accurate data, combination methods, and workforce in place, machine learning can strengthen clinical decision support and provide optimal care. Clinical decision support (CDS) systems can analyze and evaluate a large amount of data, recommend the next steps for treatment, point out potential problems and enhance team efficiency. 

For diagnosing patients, a piece of extensive information about the patient should be considered by the doctor. A patient's life could be put at risk, if there's an error in keeping track of even a single relevant fact. But through AI's Natural Language Processing (NLP), doctors can take all relevant information from patient reports. Artificial Intelligence can store and analyze a large volume of data, which can provide:

  • Knowledge databases and recommendations to patients.
  • Reminders for preventive care.
  • Alerts about potentially dangerous situations.

AI chatbots for primary care 

AI Chatbots incorporated with smart algorithms can provide instant answers to health-related issues and concerns and help doctors, nurses, patients, or their families by organizing patient pathways, taking appointments, medication management, first aid, and assisting in emergencies, offering a solution for simpler medical issues etc. This will relieve doctors' load through a smooth flow to give more attention to critical and crucial cases. Since these chatbots can work 24/7, they can deal with many patients at the same time.

Surgeries through Robots

Artificial intelligence is being applied to surgical robotics. Through AI, surgical robots' control accuracy can be achieved up to sub-millimeter precision level. AI-empowered robots have revolutionized surgeries through their speed and depth while making delicate incisions. 

Surgical robots are capable of controlling the trajectory, speed, and depth of their movements with great accuracy. They are uniquely adjusted for procedures that need the alike and repetitive steps to work without exhaust. Robots can also stand completely still for as long as required and can be inserted into places where traditional tools cannot go. Due to its accuracy, there is no fear of any unidentified or accidental movements during the surgery.

Drug Creation

Discovering innovative drugs with clinical trials is a time and money consuming task. AI can scan the existing medicines and then redesign them to fight against a particular disease with effectiveness. AI already has a significant role in drug discovery – it can help identify drug targets, find useful molecules from data libraries, suggest chemical modifications, identify candidates for repurposing, and so on.

  •  December, 12, 2020
  • Shreya Abhyankar
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