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Rise of Robotics

Artificial Intelligence empowered Robots are spreading wings in every field!

Robots with Artificial Intelligence are emerging in every industry to boost both consumer's and businesses' efficiency and convenience. The various fields where robots are visible are:

1.Self-Driving Automated Transportation

Self-driving Robo-Cars are spreading their wings, especially in countries like Europe and America. Many companies like Google, Mercedes, Audi, etc., are introducing these cars to sense its environment to move safely and park individually without human input. These Robo-cars use different sensors such as GPS, lidar, odometry, sonar, etc., to recognize their surroundings.

2. Robots in Defense and Security

In Defense and security, robots are used in different segments such as surveillance, drones for checking hostage situations, providing real-time information to soldiers, finding hiding places of enemies, natural disasters, access dangerous areas with precision and speed, etc. Robots also help to monitor situations in-ground, sky, and in water. Soldiers can use these robots to arm and disarm weapons and bombs, carry heavy equipment, rescue wounded soldiers and operate in hazardous situations and keep themselves at a safer distance. Robots can patrol areas that are dangerous for humans. They can scan passers-by whether they are carrying weapons or not.

3. Robots in Housekeeping and Cooking

Domestic robots are currently growing rapidly and are used in vacuuming, floor cleaning, lawn maintenance, window cleaning, laundry, cooking, etc. Some examples of cleaning robots are iRobot Roomba, Sharp Corporation's RX-V100, Bosch Roxxter, BuddyGuard, etc. Moley Robotics, Shadow Robot Companies, are providing robotic cooking assistants for hotels and houses. Food robots like Creator, Spyce, Blended, Wilkinson Baking Company, Chowbotics, Briggo, Zume Pizza, Kiwi Campus, etc., have changed the restaurant industry. The Laundroid and the Foldimate can sort and fold clothes quickly and easily, with minimal human participation. 

4. Robots in the field of Medicine & Surgery

Engineers successfully invent micro and nano surgical robots in the field of medicine. Some of the recently developed robots such as da Vinci® Surgical Robot, CyberKnife, PARO Therapeutic Robot, TUG, Xenex Germ-Zapping Robot, etc. are used to improve the quality of patient care and outcome in hospitals and treatment centers such as repositioning and lifting patients, delivering patient reports and lab samples, supplying medicines to patients' rooms, following nurses from ward to ward, organizing routine checkup of patients such as taking, blood pressure, temperatures, glucose, etc. Robots are used for precision and minute work as well as repetitive tasks during surgery. Microscopic bots are used to measure blood viscosity, clear clogged arteries, and deliver drugs to precise locations in the body.

5. Robots in Teaching and Education

Educational robots help students strengthen their skills, especially in computer programming, engineering design, artificial intelligence, and the medical field. Children and young students can freely and directly interact with robots to clear their doubts. One of the most popular educational robots is Makeblock mBot, which helps students in programming, robotics, and electronics. Other prominent educational robot providers are Softbank Robotics, Personal Robots Group, International Robotics Inc. Kaspar, Lego Mindstorms, Vex Robotics, BeatBots, etc.

6. For hazardous Jobs

Robots can operate in dangerous environments where it is challenging for humans to work. We can see many examples where robots are becoming necessary. For instance, robotic welding has replaced manual welding jobs, which is dangerous as it produces immense heat and noise. In nuclear power plants, robots are used to clear the nuke waste as it has enormous radiation. During a fire, firefighters are dependent on Robots to get access to the burning buildings. Sewer scraping robots are used to clean sewages that produce harmful gases. Pipe inspection robots are used by oil and gas companies to check the leakages.

7. In Agriculture

The agricultural industry has been looking to adopt robotics to increase the yield and lower the overall costs. Farmers have already been using automated harvesters and tractors, which are self-guided by GPS. Some prototypes and examples of robots comprise Rosphere, the Merlin Robot Milker, Orange Harvester, Harvest Automation, lettuce bot, and weeder, milk bot. etc., are used to carry out operations like spraying, thinning, pruning, seeding, mowing, weed removing, milking, etc. Sensor technology is also used to curb pests and diseases which affect crops.

8. Robots in factories and manufacturing industry

To increase productivity and efficiency and lower production costs, robots are being used in the manufacturing industry. These robots can perform monotonous, repetitive, and intricate work with great speed and precision under the worker's control and guidance. Robots are used for material handling, assembling, welding, dispensing, and processing tasks. The use of sensors, cameras, and artificial intelligence can safely and feasibly interact between mechanical and live workers.

9. Robots in Mining Industry

In the mining industry, robotic technology is predominantly used to examine and compile details about mine interior, study hazardous terrains, recognizing different minerals, exploring geological adjustments, navigating flooded passages, detecting and avoiding obstacles, etc. For example, Stanley Innovation has developed a robot placed on a Segway robotic mobility platform (RMP), authorizing it to operate over hazardous terrain.

  •  January, 24, 2021
  • Shreya Abhyankar
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