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Working of 5G

It is interesting to note that when we talk about the interconnectivity of devices across the globe like the internet of things that comprises billions of devices, we are talking of how a global network system will be capable of tying all the massive systems into one. Considering the rapid growth in data and connectivity being experienced as it is and the future innovations, it became pertinent to advance more than 4G LTE.  Having evolved, the 5G network which is the 5th generation of mobile network is designed to meet up with the impending large data demands as well as demands that will arise in the future. Also, it is designed to connect people, machines, devices and objects virtually. In addition, it is meant to provide faster connections with multi-Gbps data speeds, ultra minimum latency for increased response time, increased reliability and a better structured user experience.

Technological make-up

The 5G network is designed based on Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM, which is a method utilized in modulating digital signals over various types of channels to reduce the level of interference. The 5th Generation network makes use of the 5G New Radio (NR) air interface which is a unified global standard together with the OFDM guidelines. Also, it utilizes the wider bandwidth tech such as sub-6 GHz and mmWave. Just like the already existing 4G LTE, 5G OFDM functions according to a similar working method. Regardless, the new 5G New Radio (NR) air interface has further advanced OFDM to provide a more robust, effective scalability and unrivaled level of flexibility. This is one of the special features that makes it possible to access an increased number of people and various things irrespective of usage types.

By increasing the usage of spectrum resources from sub-3 GHz already utilized in 4G to 100GHz and above, 5G, having been enabled by the 5G NR air interface like the TDD sub-frame, it will avail wider bandwidths, far-reaching capacity and multi throughput. It is highly capable of broadening into novel service areas such as IoT for smart cities and remote warfare machines.

Utilization

After widely generated opinions, it’s now been considered that 5G is applied in the following three main areas of connected services; mission-critical communications, massive IoT and mobile broadband. A very strategic capability of the 5G network technology is that it is developed for forward compatibility.

Mission-critical communications

The 5G technology is capable of activating brand new services that can change the industrial landscape with its ultra-features especially like its remote control of scathing infrastructures, medical procedures, agricultural processes, smart cities and autonomous vehicles. With supersonic network reliability and increased data speed, business will be highly impacted positively with enhanced efficiency and broader access to content. The 5G  technology sees the actual possibility in some businesses engaged in full utilization of the 5G features like total network capacity, high speed and low latency.

Massive IoT

Based on its functional design, the 5G technology is supposed to easily interface and connect an unlimited number of known and embedded sensors in unarguably everything while maintaining its capacity to contain unusual data rates, power and mobility yet availing reduced connectivity cost and extremely lean solutions. Smart cities are going to be typical of numerous interwoven sensor devices and as such will be one of the infrastructures that will use the 5G technology through IoT. In no small way, the lives of habitats will enjoy new possibilities and increased efficiencies.

Enhanced mobile broadband

The experiences enjoyed from smartphones will be improved as the 5G technology will unravel new and breathtaking features in Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) with faster and lower latency yet lower cost-per-bit and equal data rates.  In 2022 it’s expected that average users will be exhausting about 11GB of data per month. This won’t be actually unconnected in the disruptive growth in mobile being a source of most video traffic. With 5G technology the mobile ecosystem will expand into new frontiers and create new experiences like the seamless IoT capabilities, extreme reality, innovative enterprise applications, prompt cloud access and locally relative content. As a matter of fact the landscape is all encompassing limitless video streaming, food sharing, ride sharing etc.

Regardless of these massive features, 5G technology has been designed to accommodate the existing 4G LTE for seamless transmission and it is no longer news that the 5G network technology is already in use since 2019 and it is gradually attaining global presence. No doubt, as one of the emerging technologies, it will make life easy and effective.

  •  May, 03, 2021
  • Christopher Okoh
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